Capital City: Bratislava
Total Area: 49,035km2
Right in the heart of Europe, Slovakia is a small, landlocked country and fully enclosed by 5 neighbours: on the west by the Czech Republic and Austria, on the north by Poland, on the east by Ukraine and by Hungary on the south.
The republic was established on 1st of January 1993 after the split of Czechoslovakia into two countries – the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic. Since then, the political system in both countries is parliamentary democracy. Slovakia is one of the best emerging markets in Europe and it is a member of many international organizations including European Union (in 2009 Slovakia adopted the euro currency), NATO, OECD, WTO, UNESCO and INTERPOL. Slovak Republic has a high average GDP growth, that is why it is called the Central European Tiger or the Tatra Tiger. The pillars of the Slovak economy are automotive, mechanical enginnering, electrical engineering and other industries. IT and tourism are also rapidly developing.
An abundance of natural beauty and architectural treasures are concentrated in a relatively small area. Thanks to diverse geological conditions, the different parts of Slovakia are dramatically diverse. The South, which makes up about a third of the country, is characterized by very fertile lowlands with mild winters and warm summers. The most of the country is mountainous with cold winters. The symbol of Slovakia, and the highest mountain range in the whole Carpathians are the High Tatras. More than 40% of Slovakia is occupied by dense forests. The High Tatras are home to animals that in other parts of Europe have long been extinct.
Slovakia officially has 21 tourist regions. The most popular are Bratislava and its surroundings, the majestic Tatra Mountains, Spiš with one of the largest castles in the world, Orava and Liptov with traditional folklore, and Slovak Paradise – a truly unforgettable natural paradise. You can get swiftly from urban agglomerations to secluded, romantic highway gateways with unspoiled nature. Slovakia lies on the boundary of different cultures and regions, where for centuries people, traditions, languages and religions have mixed. There are, therefore, an unprecedented variety of folk culture, architecture and customs. Preserved medieval towns, folk architecture, hundreds of castles and rare wooden churches are all examples of a rich cultural heritage.
More information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slovakia