General information

The City of Pécs is situated in Central Europe, Hungary and the capital of the South-Transdanubian Region


The city lies in the South-West border of the country, only 40 kms away from the Croatian border. It is well connected by public transport. It is connected to the capital of Hungary, Budapest via motorway. It has a small airport as well intended to be operated in international traffic. The city has a 2000 year old history going back to ancient Roman times. It has a UNESCO World Heritage Site and it has been the European Capital of Culture in 2010

History of the fortress / walled town:

Sopianae (the ancient name of Pécs) was founded by the Romans in the beginning of the 2nd century. By the 4th century it became a significant religious and trade centre.

The wall of the city is a historic construction from the middle-ages in a very good condition. It was built following the invasion of the Tatars (Mongol tribes) in the middle of the 13th century. The random planned wall has different heights and is made of natural stone. It used to be indented by round-plan and square-plan battlements. There were also 4 gates with towers.

The castle of the bishop was built also in the 13th century in the North-West part of the walled-town. It has a separate defence system in order to defend the cathedral and the bishop’s palace. Due to the raising Turkish danger, a gate-bastion was raised in the south-west corner of this territory. In that time this barbican was a modern construction, built by the great military leader, Pál Kinizsy.

Following the leave of the Turkish tribes, the walls lost their significance. Their decline started in the 18th century. Gates were demolished in the 19th century. Its stones were used in building fences and house-walls. Significant sections of the wall has been preserved however and reconstructed, and now the wall of the city is a spectacular site that must be seen when visiting the monuments of Pécs.

Opportunities and challenges


  1. European Capital of Culture in 2010

  2. UNESCO World Heritage Site: Early Christian Cemetery.

  3. Strong, creative and motivated civil commitment

Strengths/Knowledge partner on the theme’s:

  • arranging public spaces alongside the preserved wall for leisure, and social purposes

  • multifunctional use of the spaces alongside wall for creative and cultural purposes (light exhibitions, concerts, re-enactments, festivals, etc.)

  • utilising open spaced for events

  • connecting the walls to the tourist attractions of the city,

  • tourist can visit the walls through machicolated gallery

  • renovating the round-plan battlements, opening the northern wall

  • creating new public spaces along the wall

Need for more information about:

  • there are no available car-parks

  • barrier free accessibility has not been solved

  • problematic water supply

  • problematic catering

  • lack of water-blocks and proper electricity supply

  • lack of public-lighting

  • no proper accessibility of certain places (for example the newly opened northern wall)

  • problematic preservation, and maintenance

  • damaging effect of different plants and ivy on the wall


Dr. Zsolt Páva

address: H-7621 Pécs
Széchenyi tér 1.


       +36 72 533 807
fax: +36 72 212 049