This is definitely a village build for Medieval defense. Sitting high on a rock foundation. With in the shadows of the mountains to the northwest, the city retains, intact, its historic walls from the 13th century including its four entrance gates. With in its walls can be found historic building from various time periods. Today, the outer village walls are breached with glass windows, but it is easy to imagine the village as it must have been in the Middle Ages. There are only a few streets with in the old city, so navigating is fairly easy. Still, the village is large enough to provide you with some shopping, and magical eating experiences, not to mention the experience of consuming some of the best wines of Spain.
During the Middle Ages residents dug deep in to the rock below their homes (and sometimes the home of their neighbour) to create places for food storage and refuge during siege. One can even find the remains of wells in the maze of tunnels beneath the village.
So much of the village has been undermine by the tunnels no cars are allowed with in the walls of the village.
When wine production became prominent in the region, the underground passages were found to be ideal for the fermenting of wine. Today, only a few wine Bodegas still function with in the walls of the village. Access to some sections of the underground passages are available by taking a wine tour.
Laguardia was, technically, established in the 10th century when a castle was build at this site. Today, the only remnant of this castle are two bell towers. In the 1100'sAD Laguardia was given town status by royal decree.
Additional sights in the region:
Not far from Laguardia is La Hoya. Oil workers discovered a Bronze age (1400's BC) village in La Hoya and today you can learn about this archeological site with a trip toLa Hoya Museo Y Poblado.Also near Laguardia can be found a number of stone structures from the Neolithic period (4000 BC), the Cave of Husos, Dolmans of San Martin, Elvillar, El Sotillo and A Ho de a la Huesera. You might want to check with the tourist office in Laguardia for directions.
In addition to sampling the wine and restaurants of the area many come to Laguardia to experience the Sierra Cantabria mountains, take horse back rides and walk a network of trails that transverse the Rioja region.