Capital City: Budapest
Total Area: 93,030km2
Hungary is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is situated in the Carpathian Basin and is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine and Romania to the east, Serbia and Croatia to the south, Slovenia to the southwest and Austria to the west. The country’s capital and largest city is Budapest. Hungary is a member of the European Union, NATO, the OECD, the Visegrád Group, and the Schengen Agreement. The official language is Hungarian, also known as Magyar, which is part of the Finno-Ugric group and is the most widely spoken non-Indo-European language in Europe.
Following periods of successive habitation by Celts, Romans, Huns, Slavs, Gepids, and Avars, the foundation of Hungary was laid in the late 9th century by the Hungarian grand prince Árpád. His great-grandson Saint Stephen I ascended to the throne in 1000 AD, converting the country to a Christian kingdom. The Kingdom of Hungary existed for 946 years and at various points was regarded as one of the cultural centers of the Western world. After the Battle of Mohács and about 150 years of partial Ottoman occupation (1541–1699), Hungary was integrated into the Habsburg Monarchy, and later formed part of the Austro–Hungarian Empire (1867–1918).
Hungary’s modern borders were first established by the Treaty of Trianon (1920) after World War I. The country lost more than 71% of its territory, 58% of its population, and 32% of the Hungarians. On the side of the Axis Powers, Hungary suffered great damages in World War II. During its four decades long communist dictatorship (1947–1989), the country gained widespread international attention regarding the Revolution of 1956 and the seminal opening of its border with Austria in 1989, which accelerated the collapse of the Eastern Bloc.
Since 1989, Hungary has been a democratic parliamentary republic, and it is considered a developed country with a high-income economy. The country is home to the largest thermal water cave system and the second largest thermal lake in the world (Lake Hévíz), the largest lake in Central Europe (Lake Balaton), and the largest natural grasslands in Europe (Hortobágy).