European Walled Towns
cities, and historic fortified towns in Europe. We try to maintain and strengthen these walled
towns that are a gateway to the charms of the old world.
What is European Walled Towns
The European Association of Historic Towns and Regions
maintain and strengthen the historic walled towns for future generations
to promote the many mutual interests shared by walled towns
"Building Peace through Heritage"
Latest News & Updates
There are many ways to enjoy your trip to Rhodes, including exploring the city’s ancient history, beach hopping, and water parks. There is also an incredible collection of food and drink on the island. You can relish a variety of foods and wines or indulge in some local delicacies.
Enjoy water sports at Tsambika Beach
Water sports are another great option for travellers visiting Rhodes. Whether a first-time visitor or an experienced islander, there is a lot to do on Rhodes. The city has several water parks that are ideal for families. You can go banana boating, jet skiing, or paddle boarding. Other activities you can participate on the island include kayaking, stand-up paddle boarding, fishing, and snorkelling.
For example, if you prefer water sports, you can head to the city’s Tsambika beach. The golden sand and cerulean waters make for an ideal swimming spot, and the beach is large enough not to be crowded even during the high season. You can also check out one of the many water sports hubs located on the island.
Explore the Pelekanos Valley
The beautiful Pelekanos Valley is also worth visiting. It is a 600-acre area located 5 km from the township of Theologos. This area is home to rare Rhodian deer and several species of butterflies. There is also a museum here that displays these creatures.
Live in affordable hotels
You can stay in one of the island’s cheaper hotels. Luckily, many affordable options are available, including bunk beds and rooms starting at EUR25. If you want to stay close to the historic center of Lindos, check out the Melenos Art Boutique Hotel. Its elegant but inexpensive rooms are sure to impress.
Move around the city by foot or public transport
Whether you are traveling to Rhodes for work or for your own, you will need to know how to get around. Luckily, Rhodes is a relatively developed island, and most places are easily accessible by foot or public transport. There are plenty of places to explore, as well as shops and restaurants, within walking distance of the Old Town. There are also numerous taxi ranks in the town.
Wander around the Old Town
During your visit, you can explore the medieval city’s Old Town. Many of its structures date back to the 7th century. Some of them are beautiful examples of fortification architecture and stonework. You can also visit the Archaeological Museum. There is also an Orthodox Cathedral, which was later transformed into a Catholic Cathedral. The Byzantine Museum is another attention-grabbing place to visit. There are numerous stores and eateries to browse through while in the Old Town.
Taste the best wine in Embonas
If you are a wine lover, Rhodes has many vineyards. There are also many tavernas throughout the countryside. You can also enjoy the wine made in the town of Embonas, located in the heart of the grape-growing region. Try a tasting while you’re in the town.
In the medieval ages, Europe was famous for its rich culture and heritage, which we can now witness in the form of gigantic walls and other structures. During the 15th and 16th centuries, Europe was ruled by prosperous Roman empires. Although many mark this time as a dark phase for the continent, it is still an awakening phase for artistic explosion and broadened rich cultural knowledge.
Luckily, even today, many of the European walls and medieval treasures remain intact, now serving as significant tourist attractions in the region. This article reveals European-walled towns and cities that peel layers back to the ages.
Burges in Belgium
During heydays, this city was once a trading center during the 12th and 15 centuries. As a result, it is one of Europe’s best and most picturesque medieval towns. With cobbled lanes, whitewashed houses, and many more, it offers amazing architecture to all its visitors.
It also comprises the Burges’ bell tower, which shall consist of 266 steps to reach the top, to have a mesmerizing look at the city.
San Gimignano in Italy
It is present amongst the rolling vineyards of Tuscany, which offers breathtaking views to visitors and art lovers. This medieval town comprises 14 towers built between the 12th and 15th centuries. The Collegiata cathedral is also a recommended spot.
Bologna in Italy
The city has many names; the most popular is La Rossa, which translates to ‘the red one’. The town is filled with architecture of brickwork that reflects its ancient center. The Basilica di San Petronio is one of the world’s most talk-about churches, built in the late 14th century.
Mdina in Malta
Due to the city’s peace and tranquility, it is also called the ‘Silent City’ and one of the smallest in Europe. The city is located on a hilltop with distingue beauty surrounding it. Despite being the older city discovered by the Roman Empire, Mdina is considered an architectural treasure for many churches, cathedrals, mansions, monasteries, etc.
Anyone who loves to sway with the gushing winds and enjoy site-seeing would love this city and wish to reside there.
Tallinn in Estonia
Roaming around Estonia’s streets is akin to a fairy tale’s description. With cobbled lanes, timbered houses, and squares along the roads, it is the most medieval of all the cities mentioned above. However, it also consists of a gothic town hall, which is 700 years old.
Being the capital of the Ottoman Empire in 1453, a colonized center for ramparts, mosques, minarets, and palaces that witnessed civilizations of faith. Hagia Sophia, which was constructed in the late 6th century, is one of the must-visits of the Greek Orthodox Church. The shimmering gold lining of the walls and domes in museums is a treat to sore eyes.
Are you someone who has always wondered about the history of those enormous and tall medieval walls? Have you asked why they have to build those fascinating walls and what it is like to live in those centuries-old walled cities? If we look back into the pages of history, most of those walls were made to protect the town from its enemies. These massive structures generally had a guard tower and were constructed on hills, making it difficult for the enemies to invade.
Regardless of the reason for building these thick-stone walls, these fortified towns have become the key to tasting the old world’s charms. So, if you love to explore the history of those fortified beauties, you can look into this list and find Europe’s top-walled towns.
Carcassonne is a beautiful medieval city located in Southeast France. Once you enter this city, you can taste the 13th-century world of glamorous towers and cobblestones. This walled city, with its 2 miles long rampart and 52 towers, is lively with tourists who come to explore a town classified as a World Heritage by UNESCO.
If you want to get the complete essence of the place, visit this fortified city at night when the place is free from crowds.
Rothenburg in Germany is one of the best-preserved walled towns in Germany. The cobbled alleys and the intact ramparts will lighten the visitors’ imagination. However, this Bavarian city that can be dated back to the fifteenth century will give a different experience to travelers. The monastery garden of this medieval town stills has precious medicinal herbs. And The Medieval Crime and Punishment Museum remains a witness to how people were disciplined in those barbaric times.
Lucca, in Tuscany, is a gateway to the old world. The Romanesque church and the piazzas give a relaxed ambiance to the city. To experience the elegance of a rich past, you can stroll through the main drag and visit some stores with old-world charm. But what makes Lucca an iconic city is its majestic ramparts that circle the city. Even though the town has the mightiest Renaissance wall, the cities haven’t seen any battle since 1430. Therefore, the locals use these ramparts like a park arranged with trees, making it a perfect path for an evening stroll or cycling.
If you want to witness the architectural marvel, you can visit the medieval ramparts built around Murten’s town. With the romantic castle that overlooks Lake Murten, expensive shops, outdoor cafes, and vineyards in the distance, this city will be the perfect place for you to spend your holidays. You can stroll through those ramparts to taste the town’s history and reminisce about the fierce Battle of Murten in 1476.
There were many walled cities in Europe; unfortunately, many tore down those majestic walls. But some towns still have maintained the walls and kept their medieval charms, thus keeping them separate from the rush and bustle of the outside world.
Suppose you’re a travel freak and love to indulge in the history and culture of the regions you visit. In that case, Europe will be your best destination, as it never disappoints with its historical stories and cultures. Moreover, a trip to the walled cities in Europe will have you questioning the conditions of cities and their fates in Roman times.
The medieval–walled European cities have attracted tourists from all over the world, and some of the walls also stand as barriers for protection.
This article has compiled a list of European cities that will not fail to charm you!
Dubrovnik in Croatia
Dubrovnik’s massive walls comprise 17 different towers and five bastions constructed between the 12th and 18th centuries. These walls are surrounded by beautiful cities that also have historical remains.
Segovia in Spain
It is located in Spain’s Castile-Leon region, which boasts a rich Roman legacy. The iconic city is surrounded by over two-mile-long walls comprising mesmerizing passages and windows for decoration. The enticing factor of the town lies in its rich cultural and historical heritage.
Nordlingen in Germany
This city is slightly different from the other medieval cities as it follows an urban infrastructure. It has five gates and eleven defenses surrounding it. It is also home to various tourist attractions like the renaissance and Baroque structured churches. However, one of the most exciting facts that attract tourists to this place is that it was formed by a dent caused by a meteor that fell on earth 15 million years ago.
Carcassonne in France
Carcassonne is one of France’s most culturally rich planes, comprising an impressive medieval wall of roughly two miles. It is one of the best historical structures of the cathedral of St. Michael church and many more. The Aude and Nabronne gates are also a must-visit around the place.
Rhodes in Greece
Rhodes is a Greek island below the Aegean Sea and is also declared one of the UNESCO world heritage sites. Because of the presence of one of the seven wonders, the Colossus of Rhodes, it is also a famous palace for all island lovers. The charming medieval walls of this island are present along the Temple of Apollo, the ancient stadium, and the Lindos Acropolis.
Valletta in Malta
The defense wall of Malta is one of the most popular in Europe. Even though Malta is one of the minor counties in Europe, it is still a great place to showcase its rich heritage due to its positioning of the country on the Mediterranean. It is also famous for having structures like Fort Saint Elmo and many others.
The country’s entrance gates open the visitor’s heart to this country. This medieval city is painted in colors and shines bright with the attraction of the gigantic 4-mile wall.