European Walled Towns

European walled towns aim to maintain and promote the sustainable development of walled towns,
cities, and historic fortified towns in Europe. We try to maintain and strengthen these walled
towns that are a gateway to the charms of the old world.

What is European Walled Towns

Historic Towns Working Together

We want to preserve the rich heritage and culture these walled towns hold. And we promote the mutual interests shared by the walled city to maintain and strengthen them.

Promoting International Co-operation

We are an association that boosts international cooperation to promote Europe's untapped heritage and culture. We aim to bring together Europe's civil society organization and the history of cities and towns, heritage professionals, cultural landscapes, planners, etc., to safeguard and enhance the historical landscapes and cultural diversity.

Sustainable Development

We are working to promote revitalizing, regeneration, and sustainable development across Europe's historic walled cities and towns.


The European Association of Historic Towns and Regions

We are a visionary that aims to promote the interests of historical cities and regions by calling for international cooperation. We also aim to share sustainable practices to manage and revive the landmark areas of Europe.
Our goals are

maintain and strengthen the historic walled towns for future generations

The historic walled towns are the gateway to taste and experience the rich heritage and culture of the old world. Therefore, by promoting International Corporation, we aim at maintaining and enhancing the historic walled towns for future generations.

to promote the many mutual interests shared by walled towns

The primary objective of European walled towns is to promote the mutual interest of walled towns and fortified cities throughout Europe and encourage friendship between people belonging to various communities in the walled towns.

"Building Peace through Heritage"

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Top Best Preserved Walled Cities of Europe

Walled Cities

Out of all the continents, Europe takes the place of the land of dreams. Every person dreams of going to Europe and exploring its beautiful cities with their loved ones. European countries are the ones that hold one of the best scenic tourist spots in the entire world. Europe is the destination for solo travellers, explorers, and honeymoon couples across the world. Apart from the scenic and romantic places like Paris, Europe has the best-walled cities which are well preserved from the medieval age that captivates the eyes of tourists to this day. Let’s go on a trip to a fairy tale land where you can see castles and their ruins in each preserved city.

Carcassonne, France

Carcassonne, France

When asked about Europe, almost every person thinks about the city of Paris in France. It is one of the most popular and romantic cities in Europe. Carcassonne is the city that holds the oldest walls built in the 6th, 7th, and 8th centuries and is still well preserved. The city is the landscape of the romantic castle ruins which will take us back to the age-old eras.

Rhodes, Greece

The architecture of Rhodes is spectacular and its streets are wonderful to wander through. The city of Rhodes has walls surrounded by 7 gates and a moat which is now filled with a beautiful garden. The Knights of Saint John also wandered in these streets in 1309.

Avila, Spain

Avila is the highest town in Spain and its walls are well preserved from the 11th century when they were built in. The medieval walls of Avila are certainly one of the best attractions in Spain with over 2.5 kilometres in length and around 40 feet in height.

Lucca, Italy

The walls and forts of Lucca are remarkable as the paths are covered with a beautiful lawn and garden through which you can walk or cycle around them. It has a peaceful vibe as vehicular traffic is also restricted on this premises.

Girona, Spain

Girona was founded by the Romans. The walls of Girona were destroyed in the 19th century and have been reconstructed to some extent. Girona is the hub where Christians, Jews, and Arabs met making it an interesting city to visit. This place also has the filming location where the most popular series, Game of Thrones was filmed.

Dubrovnik, Croatia

Dubrovnik has the most scenic walls located along the Adriatic Sea. These walls were built in the 13th century and Dubrovnik is known as the Pearl of the Adriatic Sea due to the scenic walls. The walls here depict the Rome Colosseum with an uninterrupted run of 6365 feet in length and 25 meters in height. The walls are so perfectly retained that Dubrovnik has been included in the World Heritage List from UNESCO since 1979.

The trip to the top best-preserved wall cities of Europe has come to an end and now, it is time for you to pack your bags and plan to visit these extravagant walls.

European Cities You Must Visit If You Like Architecture

European Cities

Europe is has some of the best architecture in the world, and there’s no shortage of places to experience it. With a long, diverse history and rich cultural heritage, Europe has something for every architecture lover. If you love architecture, you’ll love these European cities. The country has a long history of architectural heritage. Be it the detailing or the large pillar, Europe has it all. If you have a knack for beautiful buildings and construction, here are some European cities you should visit once in your life.


From the world-famous Tower of London to the elegant and iconic architecture of the Barbican housing estate, London is sure to delight architecture lovers. There’s something to appeal to all tastes, and the city has a plethora of attractions that will keep you busy for days.

Tower of London


In particular, Amsterdam is a treasure trove for architecture lovers, with more ancient buildings and historic sites than any other city in Europe. Its architectural style has international significance, and its historic city center is one of the biggest in Europe.


Paris is another city to visit if you love architecture. Paris’ architectural diversity spans from the middle ages to the 21st century. It is the homeland of Gothic construction and the epicenter of the French Renaissance. This city will delight any architecture lover with its Louvre, Notre Dame Cathedral, Arch De Triomphe, and Sacre Coeur. The Eiffel Tower’s latest landmark is another must-see for architecture lovers.


If you want to experience something more avant-garde, visit Malmo, a city across the Baltic Sea in Sweden. This city is well connected to the rest of Europe, together with Copenhagen and Stockholm. Malmo is also home to the impressive Oresund Bridge, an engineering marvel. You’ll also want to see the Turning Torso, a Santiago Calatrava design in the western harbor.


Another European city with a world-class architectural scene is Budapest. This city is often referred to as the Paris of Eastern Europe and is filled with beautiful buildings. Its architecture combines different architectural styles, including Baroque and Renaissance. Its history as a port makes it an important city for architecture lovers.



You can also visit Prague, which combines modern and traditional architecture. This city is an architectural masterpiece featuring Gothic cathedrals, Renaissance-Baroque buildings, and even postmodern architecture. The city’s historic center is also well preserved, making it an ideal destination for architecture lovers. Its architecture is an incredible display of eight centuries of history.


Barcelona is another city that’s worth considering if you love architecture. The city is home to many buildings designed by the fabulous Catalan architect Antoni Gaudi. The Sagrada Familia is his signature work and is unquestionably one of the places of interest of the city. Although this is a work of art that’s never finished, it is a genuinely magnificent landmark in this city.

Everything You Should Know About Segovia

About Segovia

Segovia is a city rich in history. Its walls, or Murallas de Segovia, have been acknowledged a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city’s walls date back to the Roman period, approximately 200 AD. By the 16th century, they were no longer used as defensive barriers, and houses were attached to them instead. Nowadays, it is possible to explore these ancient walls and take in some of the city’s historical sites, including the Alcazar. While this may be a gist, read on to learn more about the town.

A home to Jewish Quarter

Segovia is home to the Jewish Quarter, which was once the most affluent portion of the city. However, it was destroyed by a violent anti-Jewish movement in the 15th century. In its place, the Iglesia del Corpus Christi was built. You can also visit the medieval walls of the city, which date back to the 11th and 12th centuries. Though they have undergone many renovations, they still provide stunning city views.

Best time and best way to explore

If you are traveling from Madrid, the best way to enjoy Segovia is to take a day trip. This historic city is home to a 2,000-year-old aqueduct and a fort that stirred Walt Disney. If you plan to visit Segovia, take out travel insurance, which will safeguard you in instance you become stranded or injured.

Getting to Segovia by car will allow you to enjoy the city’s history from a completely different angle. Its pillars are huge and are made of massive blocks of stone. You can see them from a distance of 6 kilometers, and they are a sight to behold. You can also walk along the Aqueduct, which is 92 feet high.

Segovia aqueduct

Segovia aqueduct is the most well-known attraction

One of the most iconic attractions in Segovia is the Segovia aqueduct, built in the 1st century AD. It was put up to carry water from the nearby Rio Frio river. Today, the Aqueduct, spanning 15km, is one of Europe’s most remarkable Roman structures. Its stonework and construction made it a world-class engineering marvel.

Known for its delectable food culture

In addition to its cultural heritage, Segovia is known for its food. Local cuisine is rustic and full of protein. One of the city’s most prevalent dishes is the roasted suckling pig. Candido Lopez made this dish famous in the 20th century, and it has become a tourist favorite. You can find this dish at the original Candido restaurant in the city, near the Aqueduct. The restaurant, which dates back to the mid-18th century, is run by the same family and has been declared a city landmark.

Visit Alcazar de Segovia

Another Segovia attraction is the Alcazar de Segovia. This structure is easily recognizable and hard to miss. In the late 15th century, the Catholic Queen Isabella was crowned in the castle. The ancient Aqueduct still runs through the city, and a tourist route follows the water flow throughout the old town.

Best-Walled Tourist Towns in Europe

Tourist Towns

When visiting Europe, you should visit the best-walled tourist towns. These historic towns can make for a wonderful family trip and are particularly rewarding for children. Both children and adults can dive into the beauty of these places.

These towns often feature walled city centres, which are excellent places for kids to explore and climb. The walls in these towns are open to the public for free during daylight hours, but you should check ahead of time to make sure you can visit after dark. Europe is filled with beautiful walled towns. Some of the best ones are mentioned in this article.


There are several walled cities to explore in Spain. One of the best-preserved walled towns is Avila. The city is in Castile and Leon, which is located about 100km from Madrid. Its walls are among the most preserved in the world. If you want, you can walk around it in the daytime or simply experience an illuminated beauty at night.

A walk along the city walls offers a chance to experience medieval life up close. The town walls, about two and a half miles long, are lined with trees and great places for walking, biking, and people-watching. The medieval ramparts also house a museum with exhibits about the punishments of the time.

Dubrovnik and the walls of York

Another walled tourist town in Europe is Dubrovnik. The walls of this town date back to the Romans, with some portions still intact. Visitors can wander along the medieval city walls and see remnants of Roman brickwork. Another example is the walls of York, which are 3.4 km long and one of the best preserved in England. They feature a number of towers and are home to 50 little alleys called ginnels.

walls of York


During your stay in Italy, you can also visit the medieval hilltop town of Orvieto. Located on an ancient tufa plateau, this hilltop town is home to a 14th-century cathedral with a stunning rose window. Its church also contains significant frescos by Luca Signorelli, a precursor to Michelangelo.

If you love Renaissance architecture, a visit to this walled town will be a worthwhile experience. Its medieval streets are traffic-free, and the buildings themselves are beautifully preserved. There are also multi-coloured stores, chalets, and eateries. Despite the town’s popularity, the town remains relatively quiet, aside from tourists.

To sum it up

If you’re a history buff, you will want to explore one of Europe’s many walled tourist towns. These ancient places are filled with a fascinating history. In addition to walled cities, there are many smaller towns throughout Europe that you can visit.

These places are hidden gems that offer the same great architecture and beautiful natural landscapes as their more famous counterparts. Exploring these medieval villages while taking in the Old World charm is fun. There are 16 walled cities in Europe that still have their walls standing. Its ancient walls have been preserved by time and are dotted with stunning churches and colourful squares.

Why Are Walls Important in European Towns?

European Towns

The walled town of Europe do look picturesque. But the history behind those walls are contains years of struggle, protection, battle and preservation of their culture. The main reason for building walls was to protect the settlement. They surrounded the settlement, and were often massive structures punctuated by guard towers. Some walls were even built on top of hills or on oceanfronts. Therefore, those walls are not just mere walls but a tale of the preservation of the country’s identity.

Meaning of wall

The word ‘wall’ comes from the Latin vallus, which means a post or stake. The earliest walls were made of earth or wood and were used to protect a town from attack. As time went on, these walls evolved into more elaborate structures. The walls of medieval European towns and cities became more complex, but they still have some similarities.

To provide protection and safety to the country

The walls of European towns were important for a number of reasons. They provided protection and safety, which was important in a time of turmoil and conflict. For example, the walls of Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire, were important for defending the territory against Islam’s advance from Arabia.

Acted as a symbol of peace and prosperity

Other than providing protection to the country  the walls also acted as a symbol of peace and prosperity. With peace walls in places like Belfast were erected to separate Protestant Unionists and Catholic Nationalists during the Troubles. Today, peace walls are a place for tourists to leave messages of hope for peace.

Preserve social and cultural identity

Walls are also important for preserving social and cultural identities. The Berlin Wall was built to avoid migration from East Germany. This division of the city was important because emigration was killing East Germany’s economy. In 1960, people were able to cross the Berlin Wall. However, emigration was a problem and the walls were essential to the survival of East Germany. In August 1961, barbed wire was installed along the Berlin Wall in a single night.

To protect the people from invaders

In medieval times, cities were required to build defensive walls to protect themselves from invaders. These walls have since fallen into disuse, but they remain important in many places today. Nowadays, cities that retain their old walls are special places to visit. Ancient walls provided protection for citizens from invading armies, and were essential for the development of civilization. The walls also helped to protect against the spread of disease and epidemics.

 Medieval Town

Served as a social purpose

Although walls served a defensive function in medieval times, they also served a social purpose. For example, in the Neolithic village of Ilipinar in Turkey, walls were essential in establishing a group’s identity and defending it from outsiders. A significant threat to Ilipinar’s inhabitants was not military incursion, but fragmentation into different hunter-gatherer groups. Eventually, these villagers moved back to semi-nomadic lifestyles.

Things You Can Do In Rhodes


There are many ways to enjoy your trip to Rhodes, including exploring the city’s ancient history, beach hopping, and water parks. There is also an incredible collection of food and drink on the island. You can relish a variety of foods and wines or indulge in some local delicacies.

Enjoy water sports at Tsambika Beach

Water sports are another great option for travellers visiting Rhodes. Whether a first-time visitor or an experienced islander, there is a lot to do on Rhodes. The city has several water parks that are ideal for families. You can go banana boating, jet skiing, or paddle boarding. Other activities you can participate on the island include kayaking, stand-up paddle boarding, fishing, and snorkelling.

Tsambika Beach

For example, if you prefer water sports, you can head to the city’s Tsambika beach. The golden sand and cerulean waters make for an ideal swimming spot, and the beach is large enough not to be crowded even during the high season. You can also check out one of the many water sports hubs located on the island.

Explore the Pelekanos Valley

The beautiful Pelekanos Valley is also worth visiting. It is a 600-acre area located 5 km from the township of Theologos. This area is home to rare Rhodian deer and several species of butterflies. There is also a museum here that displays these creatures.

Live in affordable hotels

You can stay in one of the island’s cheaper hotels. Luckily, many affordable options are available, including bunk beds and rooms starting at EUR25. If you want to stay close to the historic center of Lindos, check out the Melenos Art Boutique Hotel. Its elegant but inexpensive rooms are sure to impress.

Move around the city by foot or public transport

Whether you are traveling to Rhodes for work or for your own, you will need to know how to get around. Luckily, Rhodes is a relatively developed island, and most places are easily accessible by foot or public transport. There are plenty of places to explore, as well as shops and restaurants, within walking distance of the Old Town. There are also numerous taxi ranks in the town.


Wander around the Old Town

During your visit, you can explore the medieval city’s Old Town. Many of its structures date back to the 7th century. Some of them are beautiful examples of fortification architecture and stonework. You can also visit the Archaeological Museum. There is also an Orthodox Cathedral, which was later transformed into a Catholic Cathedral. The Byzantine Museum is another attention-grabbing place to visit. There are numerous stores and eateries to browse through while in the Old Town.

Taste the best wine in Embonas

If you are a wine lover, Rhodes has many vineyards. There are also many tavernas throughout the countryside. You can also enjoy the wine made in the town of Embonas, located in the heart of the grape-growing region. Try a tasting while you’re in the town.

Beauty And History Encircle Europe’s Great Walled Towns

Europe's Great Walled Towns

In the medieval ages, Europe was famous for its rich culture and heritage, which we can now witness in the form of gigantic walls and other structures. During the 15th and 16th centuries, Europe was ruled by prosperous Roman empires. Although many mark this time as a dark phase for the continent, it is still an awakening phase for artistic explosion and broadened rich cultural knowledge.

Luckily, even today, many of the European walls and medieval treasures remain intact, now serving as significant tourist attractions in the region. This article reveals European-walled towns and cities that peel layers back to the ages.

Burges in Belgium

Burges in Belgium

During heydays, this city was once a trading center during the 12th and 15 centuries. As a result, it is one of Europe’s best and most picturesque medieval towns. With cobbled lanes, whitewashed houses, and many more, it offers amazing architecture to all its visitors.

It also comprises the Burges’ bell tower, which shall consist of 266 steps to reach the top, to have a mesmerizing look at the city.

San Gimignano in Italy

It is present amongst the rolling vineyards of Tuscany, which offers breathtaking views to visitors and art lovers. This medieval town comprises 14 towers built between the 12th and 15th centuries. The Collegiata cathedral is also a recommended spot.

Bologna in Italy

The city has many names; the most popular is La Rossa, which translates to ‘the red one’. The town is filled with architecture of brickwork that reflects its ancient center. The Basilica di San Petronio is one of the world’s most talk-about churches, built in the late 14th century.

Mdina in Malta

Due to the city’s peace and tranquility, it is also called the ‘Silent City’ and one of the smallest in Europe. The city is located on a hilltop with distingue beauty surrounding it. Despite being the older city discovered by the Roman Empire, Mdina is considered an architectural treasure for many churches, cathedrals, mansions, monasteries, etc.

Anyone who loves to sway with the gushing winds and enjoy site-seeing would love this city and wish to reside there.

Tallinn in Estonia

Roaming around Estonia’s streets is akin to a fairy tale’s description. With cobbled lanes, timbered houses, and squares along the roads, it is the most medieval of all the cities mentioned above. However, it also consists of a gothic town hall, which is 700 years old.

Istanbul, Turkey

Being the capital of the Ottoman Empire in 1453, a colonized center for ramparts, mosques, minarets, and palaces that witnessed civilizations of faith. Hagia Sophia, which was constructed in the late 6th century, is one of the must-visits of the Greek Orthodox Church. The shimmering gold lining of the walls and domes in museums is a treat to sore eyes.

Europe’s greatest walled towns

walled towns

Are you someone who has always wondered about the history of those enormous and tall medieval walls? Have you asked why they have to build those fascinating walls and what it is like to live in those centuries-old walled cities? If we look back into the pages of history, most of those walls were made to protect the town from its enemies. These massive structures generally had a guard tower and were constructed on hills, making it difficult for the enemies to invade.

Regardless of the reason for building these thick-stone walls, these fortified towns have become the key to tasting the old world’s charms. So, if you love to explore the history of those fortified beauties, you can look into this list and find Europe’s top-walled towns.

Carcassonne, France

Carcassonne, France

Carcassonne is a beautiful medieval city located in Southeast France. Once you enter this city, you can taste the 13th-century world of glamorous towers and cobblestones. This walled city, with its 2 miles long rampart and 52 towers, is lively with tourists who come to explore a town classified as a World Heritage by UNESCO.

If you want to get the complete essence of the place, visit this fortified city at night when the place is free from crowds.

Rothenburg, Germany

Rothenburg in Germany is one of the best-preserved walled towns in Germany. The cobbled alleys and the intact ramparts will lighten the visitors’ imagination. However, this Bavarian city that can be dated back to the fifteenth century will give a different experience to travelers. The monastery garden of this medieval town stills has precious medicinal herbs. And The Medieval Crime and Punishment Museum remains a witness to how people were disciplined in those barbaric times.

Lucca, Italy

Lucca, in Tuscany, is a gateway to the old world. The Romanesque church and the piazzas give a relaxed ambiance to the city. To experience the elegance of a rich past, you can stroll through the main drag and visit some stores with old-world charm. But what makes Lucca an iconic city is its majestic ramparts that circle the city. Even though the town has the mightiest Renaissance wall, the cities haven’t seen any battle since 1430. Therefore, the locals use these ramparts like a park arranged with trees, making it a perfect path for an evening stroll or cycling.

Murten, Switzerland

Murten, Switzerland

If you want to witness the architectural marvel, you can visit the medieval ramparts built around Murten’s town. With the romantic castle that overlooks Lake Murten, expensive shops, outdoor cafes, and vineyards in the distance, this city will be the perfect place for you to spend your holidays. You can stroll through those ramparts to taste the town’s history and reminisce about the fierce Battle of Murten in 1476.

There were many walled cities in Europe; unfortunately, many tore down those majestic walls. But some towns still have maintained the walls and kept their medieval charms, thus keeping them separate from the rush and bustle of the outside world.

Charming Medieval Walled Cities in Europe

Medieval Walled Cities

Suppose you’re a travel freak and love to indulge in the history and culture of the regions you visit. In that case, Europe will be your best destination, as it never disappoints with its historical stories and cultures. Moreover, a trip to the walled cities in Europe will have you questioning the conditions of cities and their fates in Roman times.

The medieval–walled European cities have attracted tourists from all over the world, and some of the walls also stand as barriers for protection.

This article has compiled a list of European cities that will not fail to charm you!

Dubrovnik in Croatia

Dubrovnik’s massive walls comprise 17 different towers and five bastions constructed between the 12th and 18th centuries. These walls are surrounded by beautiful cities that also have historical remains.

Segovia in Spain

Segovia in Spain

It is located in Spain’s Castile-Leon region, which boasts a rich Roman legacy. The iconic city is surrounded by over two-mile-long walls comprising mesmerizing passages and windows for decoration. The enticing factor of the town lies in its rich cultural and historical heritage.

Nordlingen in Germany

This city is slightly different from the other medieval cities as it follows an urban infrastructure. It has five gates and eleven defenses surrounding it. It is also home to various tourist attractions like the renaissance and Baroque structured churches. However, one of the most exciting facts that attract tourists to this place is that it was formed by a dent caused by a meteor that fell on earth 15 million years ago.

Carcassonne in France

Carcassonne in France

Carcassonne is one of France’s most culturally rich planes, comprising an impressive medieval wall of roughly two miles. It is one of the best historical structures of the cathedral of St. Michael church and many more. The Aude and Nabronne gates are also a must-visit around the place.

Rhodes in Greece

Rhodes is a Greek island below the Aegean Sea and is also declared one of the UNESCO world heritage sites. Because of the presence of one of the seven wonders, the Colossus of Rhodes, it is also a famous palace for all island lovers. The charming medieval walls of this island are present along the Temple of Apollo, the ancient stadium, and the Lindos Acropolis.

Valletta in Malta

Valletta in Malta

The defense wall of Malta is one of the most popular in Europe. Even though Malta is one of the minor counties in Europe, it is still a great place to showcase its rich heritage due to its positioning of the country on the Mediterranean. It is also famous for having structures like Fort Saint Elmo and many others.

Siena, Italy

The country’s entrance gates open the visitor’s heart to this country. This medieval city is painted in colors and shines bright with the attraction of the gigantic 4-mile wall.

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